The directive on commercial practices: a missed opportunity to protect agriculture producers?

Author/s Antonio Iannarelli
Publishing Year 2019 Issue 2019/163 Language Italian
Pages 24 P. 439-462 File size 256 KB
DOI 10.3280/GDL2019-163001
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

The essay analyzes critically the recent Directive of the European Parliament and of the Coun-cil on unfair trading practices in business-to-business relationships in the agricultural and food supply chain. The lack of distinction in the proposal between agricultural producers and any natural or legal person who sells agricultural and food products appears to be in contrast with the reference to Article 43 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union as the basis of the Directive. Furthermore, the provision of only specific hypotheses relating exclusively to situations of different annual turnover of suppliers and buyers does not provide adequate pro-tection against the structural weakness of the farmers who are still price takers. The same criti-cal consideration is put forward with regard to the contractual clauses which are prohibited, unless they have been previously agreed in clear and unambiguous terms in the supply agree-ment or in a subsequent agreement between the supplier and the buyer.

Keywords: Food and agricultural supply chain; Agricultural producers and simple suppliers of agricultural and food products; Unfair commercial practices.

  1. Andries A., Garcia Azcarate T. (2015). Agriculture, PAC et droit de la concurrence: une vi-sion historique. RUE: 83 ss.
  2. Boyd W. (2018). Just Price, Public Utility, and the Long History of Economic Regulation in America. YJR, 35: 721 ss.
  3. Carstensen P.C. (2017). Competition policy and the control of buyer power: a global issue. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
  4. De Schutter O. (2010). Addressing concentration in Food Supply Chains. The Role of Competition Law in Tackling the Abuse of Buyer Power. Briefing Note 03, dicembre 2010.
  5. Del Cont C., Bodiguel L., Jannarelli A. (2012). EU Competition Framework : Specific Rules for the Food Chain in the New CAP. -- Testo disponibile al sito: (consulta-to il 20.4.2019).
  6. Del Cont C., Iannarelli A. (2018). Recherche pour la Commission AGRI – Nouvelles règles de concurrence pour la chaîne agroalimentaire dans la PAC après 2020. Bruxelles: Par-lement européen, Département thématique des politiques structurelles et de cohésion.
  7. Dobson P.W. (2002). Retailer Buyer Power in European Markets: Lessons from Grocery Supply. Occasional Paper, 2002: 1, Loughborough: Business School, Loughborough University.
  8. European Competition Network (2012). ECN Report on competition law enforcement and market monitoring activities by European competition authorities in the food sector.
  9. Heidemann M. (2016). Identities in contract: merchant law in Europe and the future of Euro-pean contract law. MJCEL: 667 ss.
  10. Iannarelli A. (2016). Considerazioni critiche sull’attuale stagione del diritto privato europeo. In: Alpa G., a cura di, I confini del diritto privato europeo. Milano: Giuffrè, 287 ss.
  11. Iannarelli A. (2018a). Profili giuridici del sistema agro-alimentare e agro-industriale. Sogget-ti e concorrenza2. Bari: Cacucci.
  12. Iannarelli A. (2018b). Dal caso “indivia” al regolamento omnibus n. 2393 del 13 dicembre 2017: le istituzioni europee à la guerre tra la PAC e la concorrenza. DA: 109 ss.
  13. Khemani R.S. (2002). Application of competition law: exemptions and exceptions. New York and Geneva: United Nations.
  14. Lianos I., Lombardi C. (2016). Superior Bargaining Power and the Global Value Chain. The Wuthering Heights of Holistic Competition Law?. CLEAS Research Paper Series n. 1/2016.
  15. Litwinski J.A. (2001). Regulation of Labor Market Monopsony. BJELL, 22: 49 ss.
  16. Lorenzoni L. (2015). Il riparto di competenze tra autorità indipendenti nella repressione delle pratiche commerciali scorrette. RIA: 83 ss.
  17. Malak-Rawlikowska A., Milczarek-Andrzejewska D., Fałkowski J. (2019). Farmers’ Bar-gaining Power and Input Prices: What Can We Learn from Self-Reported Assessments?. SS: 8(2): 1 ss.
  18. Mc Corriston S. (2013). Competition in the Food Chain. Working Paper n. 11 Trasparency of Food Pricing - TRANSFOP, University of Exeter Business School.
  19. Moss D. (2017). The Consumer Welfare Standard in Antitrust: Outdated or a Harbor in a Sea of Doubt?. Testimonianza innanzi al senato americano del 13.12.2017.
  20. OECD (2005). Competition and regulation in agriculture: monopsony buying and joint sell-ing. DAF/COMP(2005)44.
  21. OECD (2014). Competition Issues in the Food Chain Industry. DAF/COMP(2014)16.
  22. Pitruzzella G. (2019). L’Europa del mercato e l’Europa dei diritti., 20.3.2019.
  23. Recchia G.A. (2018). Studio sulla giustiziabilità degli interessi collettivi dei lavoratori Bari: Cacucci.
  24. Rochfeld J. (2009). Les ambiguiteés des dicectives d’harmonisation totale. La nouvelle répar-tition del compétences communautaire et interne. RD: 2047 ss.
  25. Stutz R.M. (2018). The Evolving Antitrust Treatment of Labor-Market Restraints: From The-ory to Practice. American Antitrust Institute, 31.7.2018.
  26. Sunshine N.B. (2018). Employees as Price-Takers. LCLR, 22: 105 ss.
  27. Vander Stichele M., Young B. (2009). The Abuse of Supermarket Buyer Power in the EU Food. Retail Sector. Preliminary Survey of Evidence Agribusiness Accountability Initia-tive, marzo 2009.
  28. Velaquez B., Buffaria B., European Commission (2017). About farmers’ bargaining power within the new CAP. AFE, 5: 16 ss.
  29. Weber F. (2018). ‘A chain reaction’ or the necessity of collective actions for consumers in cartel cases. MJECL, 25: 208 ss.
  30. Whitehead J.E. (1996). Labor Exemption from Antitrust as an Ideological Antinomy. WLR, 32: 881 ss.

  • Pratiche sleali, equilibrio del valore e legalità dei rapporti di lavoro nella filiera agroalimentare Irene Canfora, Vito Leccese, in GIORNALE DI DIRITTO DEL LAVORO E DI RELAZIONI INDUSTRIALI 173/2022 pp.135
    DOI: 10.3280/GDL2022-173006

Antonio Iannarelli, La direttiva sulle pratiche commerciali: un’occasione persa per la tutela dei produttori agricoli? in "GIORNALE DI DIRITTO DEL LAVORO E DI RELAZIONI INDUSTRIALI " 163/2019, pp 439-462, DOI: 10.3280/GDL2019-163001