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L’invecchiamento ottimale: una rassegna sui principali modelli teorici e sulle strategie proattive in grado di promuoverlo
Autori/Curatori: Manuela Zambianchi 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2013 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  35 P. 9-43 Dimensione file:  371 KB
DOI:  10.3280/RIP2013-01001
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La Rassegna ha preso in esame i temi dell’invecchiamento ottimale e delle strategie attive individuali che lo facilitano e promuovono. Dopo un breve inquadramento storico-demografico dell’invecchiamento della popolazione vengono approfonditi i principali modelli teorici sull’invecchiamento positivo ed una loro comparazione allo scopo di identificare gli aspetti in comune, le divergenze concettuali e le potenziali ricadute a livello di politiche sociali e sanitarie. Un aspetto che accomuna questi modelli e la rilevanza accordata alla presenza di risorse elevate negli ambiti fisico, psicologico e sociale affinche si possa parlare di invecchiamento ottimale. L’accento posto sulle risorse a livello sistemico bio-psico-sociale da parte di questi modelli porta con se la questione delle strategie efficaci per accumularle, mantenerle e allocarle in modo selettivo e congruente con i desideri e le potenzialita della persona anziana. Le strategie attive di Selezione, Ottimizzazione e Compensazione e le strategie proattive di coping sono state esaminate per il loro contributo al mantenimento di una elevata funzionalita globale e alla conservazione delle risorse. La Rassegna si conclude con alcune considerazioni riguardanti possibili future aree di ricerca nell’area tematica dell’invecchiamento ottimale e delle strategie proattive.

Keywords: Invecchiamento ottimale, modelli teorici, strategie proattive, risorse.

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Manuela Zambianchi, in "RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA " 1/2013, pp. 9-43, DOI:10.3280/RIP2013-01001


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