Donne al fronte: un new gender military regime? Il punto di vista delle militari italiane in Afghanistan

Author/s Fatima Farina
Publishing Year 2016 Issue 2016/1 Language Italian
Pages 15 P. 113-127 File size 202 KB
DOI 10.3280/SISS2016-001008
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

Starting from the gender mainstreaming perspective introduced by the Un1325 resolution, the paper is focused on the analysis of the "new gender military regime" within the Armed forces by considering the policies and the point of view of Italian military women participating in ISAF mission in Afghanistan, interviewed during a field research. The main aim is to explores the gender model from inside the quasi all male military institution, by considering the military women experience and their (self) representation of femininity and masculinity. The sense of being a (female) soldier is not far from the traditional warrior model and the participation in missions even works as accelerator of female assimilation, described in terms of "females becoming like males".

Keywords: Peacekeeping; Gender Military Regime; Gender mainstreaming; Military Women; Gender integration; Policies gender oriented

  1. Aker J. (2006). Inequality Regimes: Gender, Class, and Race in Organizations. Gender & Society. 20: 441-464.
  2. Carreiras H. (2015). Women in Peace Operations. In Galantino M.G. e Freire M.R., Managing Crises, Making Peace. Towards a Strategic EU Vision for Security and Defense, Palgrave Macmillian.
  3. Carreiras H. (2010). Women in the Armed Forces of Western Democracies. In: Buckley G., Kassimeris J., The Ashgate Research Companion to Modern Warfare, Ashgate Publishing.
  4. Chiari B. a cura di (2014). From Venus to Mars? Provincial Reconstruction Teams and the European Military Experience in Afghanistan 2001-2014. Berlin: Rombach.
  5. Cockburn C. (2010). L’ostacolo nascosto della contraddizione: la Nato, la Risoluzione 1325 del Consiglio di sicurezza dell’ONU e le risposte femministe,
  6. Devilbiss M.C. (1985). Gender Integration And Unit Deployment: A Study of GI Jo. Armed Forces & Society, 11/4: 523-552.
  7. Miller L., Moskos C.C. (1996). Sociological Survey of Operation Joint Endeavor, Briefing prepared for US Army Leadership.
  8. Miller L., Moskos C.C. (1995). Humanitarians or Warriors? Race, Gender, and Combat Status in Operation Restore Hope Armed Forces & Society, 21/4: 615-637.
  9. Dharmapuri S. (2011). Just Add Women and Stir?, Parameters, 41/1: 56-70.
  10. Dittmer C., Apelt M. (2008). About intervening in Vulnerable Societies: Gender in Military Peacekeeping of the Bundeswehr. In: Carreiras H., Kummel G., a cura di, Women in the Military and in Armed Conflict, Wiesbaden, Vs Verlag, New York.
  11. Enloe C. (1993). The morning after: sexual politics at the end of the Cold War. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  12. Enloe C. (1988). Does Khaki Become You? The Militarisation of Women’s Lives. London: Pandora. Farina F. (2015). Donne nelle forze armate. Roma:Viella.
  13. Farina F. (2013). Donne militari presenti?!.. Note dal campo... dopo un decennio di reclutamenti, Quaderni di Sociologia, 61/LVII: 123-145.
  14. Hendricks C., Hutton L. (2008). Defence Reform and Gender. In Bastick M., Valasek K., a cura di, Gender and Security Sector Reform Toolkit, Centre for the Democratic Control of the Armed Forces,
  15. Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe/Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights and UN International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women, Geneva.
  16. Higate P., Henry M. (2008). Peacekeepers as New Men? Security and Masculinity in the United Nations Mission in Liberia. Working Paper, School of Sociology, Politics, and International Studies, University of Bristol, 2.
  17. Higate P., Henry M. (2004). Engendering (In)security in Peace Support Operations. Security _Dialogue, 35: 481-498.
  18. Izraeli D. (1997). Gendering Military Service in the Israeli Defense Forces. Israel Social Science Research, 2/1: 129–167.
  19. Jennings K. M. (2011). Women’s Participation in UN Peacekeeping Operations: Agents of Change or Stranded Symbols?. NOREF Report. September,--
  20. Kümmel G. (2008). Chivalry in the Military. In Carreiras H., Kümmel, a cura di, Women in the Military and in Armed Conflict. New York:Wiesbaden, Vs Verlag.
  21. Kanter E. M. (1977). Men and Women of the Corporation. Basic Books, New York.
  22. Kier E. (1999). Imagining war: French and British military doctrine between the two wars. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  23. Ojile C.S. (1986). It’s not what I expected: The young enlisted air force woman overseas, In Segal D.R., Sinaiko H.R., a cura di, Life in the rank and file: Enlisted men and women in the armed forces of the United states, Australia, Canada, and the United Kingdom, Michigan, Pergamon-Brassey’s.
  24. Segal D.R, Segal M.W., Reed B.J. Sexual Orientation, Gender and American Military Deployments in the Twenty-First Century, in corso di pubblicazione.
  25. Segal D.R., Kestnabaum M. (2002). Professional Closure in the Military Labor Market: A Critique of Pure Cohesion. In Snider D. M. e Watkins G.L, The Future of the Army Profession, New York: McGraw-Hill.
  26. Simic O. (2010). Does the Presence of Women Really Matter? Towards Combating Male Sexual Violence in Peacekeeping Operations. International Peacekeeping, 17: pp. 188-199.
  27. Sion L. (2008). Peacekeeping and the Gender Regime: Dutch Female Peacekeepers in Bosnia and Kosovo. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 37/5: pp. 561-585.
  28. Valenius J. (2007). A Few Kind Women: Gender Essentialism and Nordic Peacekeeping Operations. International Peacekeeping, 14/.4: 510–523.
  29. Whitworth S. (2004). Men, Militarism & UN Peacekeeping: A Gendered Analysis. Boulder: Lynne Rienner.

Fatima Farina, Donne al fronte: un new gender military regime? Il punto di vista delle militari italiane in Afghanistan in "SICUREZZA E SCIENZE SOCIALI" 1/2016, pp 113-127, DOI: 10.3280/SISS2016-001008