"Key Enabling Technologies" and "Smart Specialization Strategies". A Regional Analysis using Patent Data

Author/s Anna D'Ambrosio, Sandro Montresor, Francesco Quatraro
Publishing Year 2016 Issue 2016/3
Language Italian Pages 19 P. 47-65 File size 289 KB
DOI 10.3280/SCRE2016-003003
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

With an economic geography approach, we analyze whether the knowledge base of the so-called ‘key enabling technologies’ contributes to the emergence of regional ‘smart specialization strategies’. We identify these technologies and estimate their effect on the construction of new technological advantages using regional data on patent applications and on their technology classes for a panel of 26 European countries (1980-2010). Our results show that the kets have a positive ‘enabling’ effect on the construction of new specializations and that they moderate the effect of the relatedness. The net effect results positive, confirming these technologies as functional policy tools to the emergence of sss.

Keywords: Key enabling technologies; Smart Specialization strategies; revealed technological advantages.

Jel codes: R11; R58; O31

  1. Asheim B.T., Boschma R., Cooke P., 2011, «Constructing Regional Advantage: Platform Policies Based on Related Variety and Differentiated Knowledge Bases». Regional Studies, 45, 7: 893-904. DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2010.543126
  2. Bjørn Larsen P., Van de Velde E., Durinck E., Noes Piester H., Jakobsen L. and Shapiro H., 2011, Cross-sectoral Analysis of the Impact of International Industrial Policy on Key Enabling Technologies. Published by European Commission, dg Enterprise and Industry. Blundell R., Griffith R., Van Reenen J., 1995, «Dynamic Count Data Models of Technological Innovation». The Economic Journal, 105, 429: 333-344. DOI: 10.2307/2235494
  3. Boschma R., 2005, «Proximity and Innovation: A Critical Assessment». Regional Studies, 39, 1: 61-74. DOI: 10.1080/0034340052000320887
  4. Boschma R., 2011, «Regional Branching and Regional Innovation Policy». In: Kourtit K., Nijkamp P., Stough R.R. (eds.), Drivers of Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Regional Dynamics. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer Verlag, 359-368.
  5. Boschma R., 2014, «Constructing Regional Advantage and Smart Specialization: Comparisons of Two European Policy Concepts». Italian Journal of Regional Science, 13, 1: 51-68. DOI: 10.3280/SCRE2014-001004
  6. Boschma R., Minondo A., Navarro M., 2013, «The Emergence of New Industries at the Regional Level in Spain. A Proximity Approach Based on Productrelatedness ». Economic Geography, 89, 1: 29-51. DOI: 10.1111/j.1944-8287.2012.01170.x
  7. Boschma R., Giannelle C., 2014, «Regional Branching and Smart Specialisation Policy». ssi Policy Brief Series, 06: 3-25.
  8. Boschma R., Heimeriks G., Balland P.A., 2014, «Scientific Knowledge Dynamics and Relatedness in Biotech Cities». Research Policy, 43, 1: 107-114. DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2013.07.009
  9. Bresnahan T., 2010, «General Purpose Technologies». In Hall B.H., Rosenberg N. (eds.), Handbook of the Economics of Innovation. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 761-791.
  10. Camagni R., Capello R., 2013, «Regional Innovation Patterns and the eu Regional Policy Reform: Toward Smart Innovation Policies». Growth & Change, 44, 2: 355-389. DOI: 10.1111/grow.12012
  11. Cameron A.C., Trivedi P.K., 2005, Microeconometrics: Methods and Applications. Cambridge: Cambridge U.P.
  12. Cameron A.C., Trivedi P.K., 2010, Microeconometrics Using Stata Revised edition. College Station, TX: Stata Press.
  13. Capello R., 2014, «Smart Specialisation Strategy and the New eu Cohesion Policy Reform: Introductory Remarks». Italian Journal of Regional Science, 13, 1: 5-14. DOI: 10.3280/SCRE2014-001001
  14. Chamberlain G., 1984, «Panel Data». In: Griliches Z., Intriligator M. (eds.), Handbook of Econometrics, vol. II, 1247-1318. Amsterdam: North-Holland.
  15. Colombelli A., Krafft J., Quatraro F., 2014, «The Emergence of New Technology-based Sectors at the Regional Level: A Proximity-based Analysis of Nanotechnology». Research Policy, 43: 1681-1696. DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2014.07.008
  16. ecsip Consortium, 2013, Study on the International Market Distortion in the Area of kets: A Case Analysis. Report prepared for the ec. Essleztbichler J., 2013, «Relatedness, Industrial Branching and Technological Cohesion in us Metropolitan Areas». Regional Studies, 49, 5: 752-766. DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2013.806793
  17. European Commission, 2009, Preparing for our Future: Developing a Common Strategy for Key Enabling Technologies in the eu. Commission Communication com(2009)512. European Commission, 2011, High-Level Expert Group on Key Enabling Technologies: Status Implementation Report.
  18. European Commission, 2012a, Feasibility Study for an EU Monitoring Mechanism on Key Enabling Technologies.
  19. European Commission, 2012b, Final Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions ‘A European strategy for Key Enabling Technologies –A Bridge to Growth and Jobs’. Commission Communication com(2012)-341, adopted on 26 June 2012.
  20. Foray D., David P.A., Hall B.H., 2011, Smart Specialization. From Academic Idea to Political Instrument, the Surprising Career of a Concept and the Difficulties Involved in its Implementation. Lausanne: mtei-working paper, November.
  21. Frenken K., 2014, Smart Specialisation and Innovation Policies. Jena (Germany): Key-note speech, «2014 International Schumpeterian Conference».
  22. Hausmann R., Klinger B., 2007, The Structure of the Product Space and the Evolution of Comparative Advantage. cid Working Paper, 146.
  23. Hausmann R., Hidalgo C.A., 2010, Country Diversification, Product Ubiquity, and Economic Divergence. cid Working Paper, 201.
  24. Hidalgo C.A., Klinger B., Barabasi A.L., Hausman R., 2007, «The Product Space Conditions the Development of Nations». Science, 317, 5837: 482-487. DOI: 10.1126/science.1144581
  25. Hughes T.P., 1987, «The Evolution of Large Technological Systems». In: Id., The Social Construction of Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology. Cambridge. MA: mit Press, 51-82.
  26. Jovanovic B., Rousseau P.L., 2005, «General Purpose Technologies». In: Aghion P., Durlauf S.N. (eds), Handbook of Economic Growth. Amsterdam: Elsevier, vol. I, 1181-1224.
  27. Lipsey R., Carlaw K.I., Bekhar C.T., 2005, Economic Transformations: General Purpose Technologies and Long Term Economic Growth. Oxford: Oxford U.P., 131-218.
  28. McCann P. Ortega-Argilés R., 2011, Smart Specialisation, Regional Growth and Applications to eu Cohesion Policy, Economic Geography Working Paper. University of Groningen: Faculty of Spatial Sciences.
  29. McCann P., Ortega-Argilés R., 2015, «Smart Specialisation, Regional Growth and Applications to eu Cohesion Policy». Regional Studies, 49, 8: 1291-1302. DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2013.799769
  30. Mundlak Y., 1978, «On the Pooling of Time Series and Cross Section Data». Econometrica, 46, 1: 69-85. DOI: 10.2307/1913646
  31. oecd, 2013, Innovation-driven Growth in Regions: The Role of Smart Specialisation. Paris: oecd.
  32. Oughton C., Landabaso M., Morgan K., 2002, «The Regional Innovation Paradox. Innovation Policy and Industrial Policy». Journal of Technology Transfer, 27, 1: 97-110. DOI: 10.1023/A:1013104805703
  33. Soete L., 1987, «The Impact of Technological Innovation on International Trade Patterns: The Evidence Reconsidered». Research Policy, 16, 2-4: 101-130. DOI: 10.1016/0048-7333(87)90026-6.
  34. Sörvik J., Rakhmatullin R., Palazuelos Martínez M., 2014, Preliminary Report on kets Priorities Declared by Regions in the Context of their Work on Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisation (rissi). jrc Technical Report 2013.
  35. Van de Velde E., Rammer C., Padilla P., Schliessler P., Slivko O., Gehrke B., Bilsen V. and Lukach R., 2012, Exchange of Good Policy Practices Promoting the Industrial Uptake and Deployment of Key Enabling Technologies. Brussels: European Commission, dg Enterprise and Industry.
  36. Vernon R., 2006, Is War Necessary for Economic Growth?: Military Procurement and Technology Development. New York: Oxford U.P.
  37. Vezzani A., Montobbio F., Montresor S., Tarasconi G., 2014, The Patenting Activity of the Top iri Scoreboard Companies: An Introductory Note. Jrc Technical Report.
  38. Wooldridge J.M., 2002, «Simple Solutions to the Initial Conditions Problem in Dynamic, Nonlinear Panel Data Models with Unobserved Heterogeneity». Journal of Applied Econometrics, 20, 1: 1099-1255. DOI: 10.1002/jae.770

Anna D'Ambrosio, Sandro Montresor, Francesco Quatraro, ‘Tecnologie abilitanti fondamentali’ e ‘strategie di specializzazione intelligente’. Un’analisi regionale sulla base di brevetti Europei in "SCIENZE REGIONALI " 3/2016, pp 47-65, DOI: 10.3280/SCRE2016-003003