The myth of Spartacus in 19th century Italy, from the Risorgimento to socialism (with some reflections on Tito Vezio)

Author/s Elena Papadia
Publishing Year 2023 Issue 2023/120 Language Italian
Pages 20 P. 79-98 File size 163 KB
DOI 10.3280/PASS2023-120004
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The article analyses the evolution of the Spartacus myth through the artistic and literary production of Risorgimento and post-unification Italy. While before 1848 the figure of Spartacus had only been the subject of sporadic references, in the year of the «Springtime of the peoples» the rebellious slave became a powerful symbol of the anti-Austrian revolt. Later, the spread of anarcho-socialist ideologies trans¬formed the liberator of the nationalities into the liberator of the people: the chains to be broken were now those of class submission. It was on this level that Spartacus’s fortunes were matched by those of the young Roman patrician Tito Vezio, the protagonist of a widely successful historical novel that recounted his heroic, yet tragic, story as a fighter against the iniquitous institution of slavery.

Keywords: Spartaco, Tito Vezio, myth of Rome, International Workers’ Association, socialist culture Parole chiave: Spartaco, Tito Vezio, mito di Roma, Associazione internazionale di lavoratori, cultura socialista

Elena Papadia, Il mito di Spartaco in Italia, tra democrazia risorgimentale e socialismo (con qualche riflessione su Tito Vezio) in "PASSATO E PRESENTE" 120/2023, pp 79-98, DOI: 10.3280/PASS2023-120004