Old Enemies and New Allies: Karl Hass and the "spy war" in Italy (1945-1954)

Author/s Sarah Lias Ceide
Publishing Year 2022 Issue 2022/116 Language Italian
Pages 18 P. 74-91 File size 148 KB
DOI 10.3280/PASS2022-116005
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In the late 1940s and the early 1950s, Italy was at the centre of an out and out "spy war" against international communism, a war declared by the secret services of the West. By analysing the case of Karl Hass, a former SS major and war criminal, the author shows how the secret services of Germany, Italy and the US "recycled" former National Socialist or Fascist spies within their own intelligence networks. Furthermore, as a consequence of his myriad links to various Western intelligence services, the figure of Hass functions as a common thread in the analysis, along which the author develops her own interpretation of the links between the Cic, Cia, Fwhd, Sifar and the Uar, all active in Italy at the start of the Cold War.

Keywords: Intelligence History, Cold War, War criminals, Anti-communist intelligence, Sifar

Sarah Lias Ceide, Vecchi nemici e nuovi alleati: Karl Hass e la "guerra di spie" in Italia (1945-1954) in "PASSATO E PRESENTE" 116/2022, pp 74-91, DOI: 10.3280/PASS2022-116005