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Artificial Intelligence in the Design Process

Fabio Antonio Figoli, Francesca Mattioli, Lucia Rampino

Artificial Intelligence in the Design Process

The Impact on Creativity and Team Collaboration

The book discusses how to include artificial intelligence (AI) systems in the early stages of the design process. AI could significantly impact the creative phases of the design process if applied consciously. The book treats the Human-AI collaboration as a collaboration between human agents, proposing a set of guidelines helpful to achieving an efficient partnership with the machine.

Pagine: 120

ISBN: 9788835134640

Edizione:1a edizione 2022

Codice editore: 10085.9

Informazioni sugli open access

The book discusses how to include artificial intelligence (AI) systems in the early stages of the design process. Today designers need new tools capable of supporting them in dealing with the increasing project's complexity and empowering their performances and capabilities. AI systems appear to be powerful means to enhance designers' creativity. This assumption was tested in a workshop where sixteen participants collaborated with three AI systems throughout the creative phases of research, sketching, and color selection. Results show that designers can access a broader level of variance and inspiration while reducing the risk of fossilization by triggering lateral thinking through AI-generated data. Therefore, AI could significantly impact the creative phases of the design process if applied consciously. Being AI systems intelligent agents, the book treats the Human-AI collaboration as a collaboration between human agents, proposing a set of guidelines helpful to achieving an efficient partnership with the machine.

Fabio Antonio Figoli,
Master's degree in Design & Engineering, is a research and teaching assistant at Politecnico di Milano. His research interests focus on the design process and aim to improve the development of industrial products for a complex society.

Francesca Mattioli,
Ph.D., is a research fellow and teaching assistant at Politecnico di Milano. Her research aims at studying design learning and teaching practices through collaborative projects in academic contexts characterised by cultural plurality.

Lucia Rampino,
Ph.D., Full Professor at Politecnico di Milano. Her core field of research is product design, with a focus on theories of design and the nature of design processes. She is currently leading the Doctoral Programme in Design at Politecnico di Milano.

Introduction
Why Design and Artificial Intelligence should join Forces
(The Increasing Complexity of Wicked Problems; Design Collaborations under Different Perspectives; The Near Future: Collaborations Beyond Humans; Our Focus)
What is Artificial Intelligence
(An Overall View; Machine Learning; AI Applications)
A Role for Artificial Intelligence in the Design Process
(Collaborative Intelligence; AI as a Creativity Enhancement; AI in the Idea Development Phases)
Artificial Intelligence in the Research Phase
(New Research Methods; Data Mining Applications; AI Applications; Google AI)
Artificial Intelligence in the Concept Phase
(The Concept Phase; Image Generator; Sketching Assistant; Model Generator and Modifier; Facilitator; Concept Evaluator)
The Collaboration between Humans and Artificial Intelligence
(New Team Dynamics; The Impact on Design Teams; The Need for Proper Training; Critical Issues in Human-AI Collaboration; An Updated Role for Designers)
Testing Artificial Intelligence in the Design Process Early Stages
(Three Questions to Ask; The Design Workshop; The Selected AI Tools; The Results of the Workshop)
The Effects of Artificial Intelligence on Creativity and Teams' Dynamics
(An Uncertain Relationship; AI as Supporting System; Human-AI collaboration in Simultaneous Groups; Human-AI Collaboration in Delayed Groups; Three Guidelines on the AI Role; A Corollary: Trust in Human-AI Collaboration; The Answers to Our Questions; The Limits of Our Experiment; Final Remarks)
References.

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